A commenter recently said that, "Macro photography takes time and practices, especially to get the bokeh background." You know what? They were right.
MACRO PHOTOGRAPHY: noun
photography producing photographs of small items larger than life size.
Macro photography can be intimidating but it doesn't have to be. I first began macro photography when I had 55-200mm lens mounted on my camera and thought, "Hmmmm, I wonder what that flower will look like if I take a picture of it up close?" I figured out my distance for focus by stepping forward and backwards, and then snapped the shutter. It was all an experiment.
Tips for taking a macro photo without a dedicated macro lens....
~The longer the zoom the better. This will help with that bokeh background. You will want to shot fully zoomed out.
To capture a bokeh background you want to create space between the camera and the object, and the object and the background. The further away the object is from the background the more bokeh you will achieve.
~A lower f-stop helps. This too will help create a nice bokeh affect, but it can be the most frustrating thing to wrap your brain around.
In basic terms, setting your f-stop to a wider value (a lower number i.e. f1.4, f2.5, f3.5) creates a shallow depth of field which focuses the attention on your subject.
~ A tripod is not necessarily a must.
I vary rarely use a tripod when I am taking nature photos. Gasp, I know, I know, I should be using one, but let's be honest it's not convenient. So instead, I ALWAYS rapid fire shots. Holding my camera steady, elbows against my ribs, I take a deep breath, hold it, and fire away. At a minimum I take three shots, but usually five to six. More than likely, one out of the six will be tack sharp in focus.
~Wind is not your friend, or even a slight breeze.
When you live in a windy place, like I do, macro photography is much harder. Even the slightest breeze can make your shot blurry. I always try to shoot macro nature shots on a still day, and if I have a slight breeze I up how many pictures I take of an object.
~ Finally, practice makes perfect.
I have a dedicated macro lens now, but it took time to find it's sweet spot. I still find myself practicing to figure it out completely. To me photography is always about practice, every day I am practicing when I pick up my camera and shoot, that's half the fun of photography.